Patterns

Patterns objects are are the fundamental pieces that make sequences.

If Sattern was a traditional synthesizer then Pattern objects can be thought of as its "sounds".

Each Pattern can be mapped across a key/velocity range and respond to input event(s) like MIDI note-on(s), controller messages etc. and return a sequence of Step objects.

Let's add some code to our current project to generate a simple sequence. We'll create a new pattern object, add it to sattern, and assign its onSequence property to a custom function that returns a list of Step objects.

// main.js
// Arpeggiator
//
// Created by Jacob Sologub on 15 Jun 2020.
// Copyright © 2020 Jacob Sologub. All rights reserved.
const sampler = new sattern.Sampler();
sattern.graph.add (sampler);
const sound = new sattern.Sound ("./mcg_mp_064.wav", {
lowKey: 0, highKey: 127, rootKey: 64
});
sampler.add (sound);
const pattern = new sattern.Pattern();
sattern.add (pattern);
pattern.onSequence = function (context) {
return [
new sattern.Step ([sampler, new sattern.Note (64)], 4, 4),
new sattern.Step ([sampler, new sattern.Note (71)], 4, 4),
new sattern.Step ([sampler, new sattern.Note (68)], 4, 4),
new sattern.Step ([sampler, new sattern.Note (76)], 4, 4)
];
};

Line #15 creates a new pattern object, line #16 adds the newly created pattern object to sattern, lines #17-24 assign the pattern object's onSequence property to a custom function that returns an Array of Step objects.

Now hit a key on your midi keyboard or on the virtual (12) "MIDI Keyboard" inside the Sattern UI. You should hear a simple 4 note ("E3", "B3", "G#3", "E4") sequence that will loop as long as you hold down the key on the keyboard.

Patterns are polyphonic, and you can have up-to 128 pattern voices playing at the same time. Try holding down multiple keys on your midi keyboard.

The above code is a little verbose, and was written that way for example purposes only. Let's take it a step further and try not to repeat ourselves... We know that we want to trigger 4 different notes, but everything else stays the same i.e. the target we want to trigger (sampler) and the duration and gate values (4, 4).

Let's improve the code just a bit...

// main.js
// Arpeggiator
//
// Created by Jacob Sologub on 15 Jun 2020.
// Copyright © 2020 Jacob Sologub. All rights reserved.
const sampler = new sattern.Sampler();
sattern.graph.add (sampler);
const sound = new sattern.Sound ("./mcg_mp_064.wav", {
lowKey: 0, highKey: 127, rootKey: 64
});
sampler.add (sound);
const pattern = new sattern.Pattern();
sattern.add (pattern);
pattern.onSequence = function (context) {
return [64, 71, 68, 76].map (key => {
return new sattern.Step ([sampler, new sattern.Note (key)], 4, 4)
});
};

Ok, that looks much better. Let's move on to Step(s).

Try replacing the keys array contents with ["E3", "B3", "G#3", "E4"]. Keys can be expressed with strings e.g. "C1", "D#1", etc.